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中文专有名词英译大全

2019-02-10 来源:国外网站推荐 - 由[国外网站大全]整理 44
中华文化博大精深,不仅在本国历史上承担着重要的角色,更在国际社会得到越来越多的认同;作为一只留学狗,在异地他乡生活和学习,难免会遇到各种各样来自国际友人的问题,其中多是与中国文化相关。如何在英语口语中准确用词,表达出非常“中国”的内容呢?中文专有名词英译大全
一、特有的一些汉语词汇禅宗 Zen Buddhism禅 dhyana; dhgaya混沌 chaos道 Daoism, the way and its power无常 anity五行说 Theory of Five Elements无我 anatman坐禅 metta or transcendental meditation空 sunyata虚无 nothingness双喜 double happiness(中),a doubled stroke of luck(英)小品 witty skits相声 cross-talk噱头;掉包袱 gimmick, stunt夜猫子 night people; night-owls本命年 this animal year of sb.处世之道 philosophy of life姻缘 yinyuan(prefixed fate of marriage)还愿 redeem a wish (vows)二、中国新兴事物(Newly Sprouted Things)中国电信 China Telecom中国移动 China Mobile十五计划 the 10th Five-Year Plan中国电脑联网 Chinanet三峡工程 the Three Gorges Project希望工程 Project Hope京九铁路 Beijing CKowloon Railway扶贫工程 Anti-Poverty Project菜篮子工程 Vegetable Basket Project温饱工程 Decent-Life Project安居工程 Economy Housing Project扫黄 Porn-Purging Campaign西部大开发 Go-West Campaign三、中国意念词(Chinese nesses)八卦 trigram阴、阳 yin, yang道 Dao(cf. logo)江湖(世界) the jianghu World (the traits’ world)e.g. You can’t control everything in a traits’ world. (人在江湖,身不由己)道 Daoism(Taoism)上火 excessive internal heat儒学 Confucianism红学(《红楼梦》研究) red ology世外桃源 Shangri-la or Arcadia开放 kaifang (Chinese openness to the outside world)大锅饭 getting an equal share regardless of the work done不搞一刀切 no imposing uniformity on …合乎国情,顺乎民意 to conform with the national conditions and the will of the people乱摊派,乱收费 imposition of arbitrary quotas and service charge铁交椅 iron (lifetime) post’s; guaranteed leading post脱贫 to shake off poverty; anti-poverty治则兴,乱则衰 Order leads to prosperity and chaos to decline四、中华民族的喜庆节日(Chinese Festival)国庆节 National Day中秋节 Mid-Autumn Festival春节 Spring Festival元宵节 Lantern Festival儿童节 Children’s Day端午节 Dragon Boat Festival妇女节 Women’s Day泼水节 Water-Splashing Day教师节 Teachers’ Day五四青年节 Youth Day五、中国独特的传统饮食(Unique Traditional Chinese Foods)馄饨 wonton锅贴 guotie (fried jiaozi)花卷 steamed twisted rolls套餐 set meal盒饭 box lunch; Chinese take-away米豆腐 rice tofu魔芋豆腐 konjak tofu米粉 rice noodles冰糖葫芦 a stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)火锅 chafing dish八宝饭 eight-treasure rice pudding粉丝 glass noodles豆腐脑 jellied bean curd

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